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Turkey private tours – Republic of Turkey
Turkey private tours – The Treaty of Lausanne of July 24, 1923, led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed “Republic of Turkey” as the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and the republic was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923, in the new capital of Ankara.
The Republic was proclaimed on October 29, 1923. For the first time in centuries, the Turkish people enjoyed self-rule. Mustafa Kemal was elected as the first president of the Republic of Turkey.
As president for 15 years, until his death in 1938, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk introduced a broad range of reforms in the political, social, legal, economic, and cultural spheres that were virtually unparalleled in any other country.

Turkey private tours – Grand National Assembly
The first Grand National Assembly under the leadership of Ataturk created a new political and legal system based on the principles of parliamentary democracy; human rights; national sovereignty and division of powers, private ownership and secularism; and the separation of religion and state affairs. A new, secular education system was established, the Arabic alphabet was changed into the Latin alphabet; and new civil and criminal codes were adapted from European models.
Turkish women received equal rights under the law such as the right to vote and be elected to public office; which put Turkey ahead of many Western nations in terms of women’s rights. It was a revolution, unparalleled at its time and even today; to bring a predominantly Muslim nation in line with Western civilization and universal values.